Canine Parvovirus, What You Should Know
Canine Parvovirus, sometimes referred to as “parvo”, is a deadly contagious disease contracted most often in puppies.
How could my puppy/dog get Parvovirus?
Parvovirus is spread through contact with an infected dogs’ fecal matter.This can occur if your dog is exposed to other infected dogs or puppies, or through visiting places such as pet stores, dog parks, kennels, shelters, or anywhere pet traffic is high.
How can I prevent my puppy/dog from getting Parvovirus?
Regular vaccinations starting at 6 to 8 weeks of age in puppies, with boosters every 3 to 4 weeks until 4 months of age are the best way to protect your pup from contracting parvovirus.In addition, keeping your puppy isolated from unvaccinated dogs and puppies during the first 3 to 4 months of life will help reduce his or her chances of contracting the disease.
What are the symptoms of Parvovirus?
Puppies or dogs infected with parvovirus may experience change or lack of appetite, lethargy, fever, vomiting, abdominal pain and/or distention, dehydration and very frequent diarrhea which may contain blood.If your puppy or dog is experiencing any of these symptoms, please bring it to the clinic immediately.
What treatments can be provided if my puppy/dog becomes infected?
If your puppy becomes infected with parvovirus, the best thing you can do is to bring him for treatment immediately so that your puppy has the best chance for survival.Intravenous fluids to rehydrate your puppy as well as antibiotics, and other medications to reduce discomfort, combat the nausea and diarrhea can be provided.Puppies with parvovirus may require hospitalization to provide proper care and reverse dehydration.
Canine Distemper is a contagious virus contracted by dogs and puppies, which attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. Distemper can also be carried by wildlife, including foxes, wolves, coyotes, skunks and raccoons.
How is Canine Distemper contracted?
Puppies and dogs can become infected with distemper through airborne exposure to the virus through sneezing or coughing from an infected dog or wild animal.Dogs can contract the virus from sharing food and water bowls with infected dogs.Mother dogs can also pass the virus through the placenta to her puppies.Puppies less than 4 months of age and unvaccinated dogs are at highest risk for contracting distemper.
How can I prevent my puppy/dog from becoming infected with Distemper?
Vaccinating your puppy against Distemper beginning at 6 to 8 weeks of age, with boosters every 3 to 4 weeks until 4 months of age.Adult dogs should receive annual vaccines to keep their immunity.Puppies less than 4 months of age should avoid infected animals, unvaccinated dogs, areas of high dog traffic such as dog parks, and wildlife.
What are the symptoms of Canine Distemper?
Dogs or puppies infected with distemper initially develop a watery or purulent-like discharge from the eyes.They can then develop a fever, nasal discharge, coughing, vomiting, lethargy, and reduced appetite.If the disease progresses to affect the nervous system, dogs can exhibit circling behaviors, head tilting, muscle twitching, convulsions, seizures, and paralysis.In addition, the foot pads of dogs with distemper can become hardened.If your puppy or dog exhibits any of these symptoms, bring him or her to the clinic immediately.
How is Distemper treated?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for canine distemper.Dogs or puppies who contract the disease can be treated with supportive care such as intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration, control vomiting and diarrhea, and any neurological symptoms.Puppies or dogs with distemper must be kept isolated from other dogs to prevent spreading of the disease.
Colic in horses is the number one medical problem and the leading cause of death in horses.A horse experiencing a colic has severe abdominal pain, which is often due to problems occurring in the colon.The colon may contain a blockage, gas buildup, or there may be a torsion of the digestive tract.The most common scenarios when colics are seen include a change in feed, sudden stress, or weather changes.
Symptoms of equine colic include laying down, stretching, looking at the abdomen, pawing the ground, reduced appetite or not eating.It is helpful to check daily that your horses are eating, drinking, and producing fresh manure.
Having a supply of Banamine to administer to your horse when you see a colic occur may help your horse and provide time to seek veterinary care.
If you suspect your horse has colic, please contact the clinic immediately so that appropriate care can be provided in a timely manner.Some horses may require intravenous fluids, tubing, pain medication, or monitoring and palliative care which can be done at the clinic.